Indigenous Australia’s history IS Australia’s history, so let’s teach it all

Professor Susan Green in the Charles Sturt University School of Indigenous Australian Studies argues teaching an incomplete version of Australia’s history will see future generations struggle with the same issues the nation is facing today.

When asked what do I – a proud Wiradjuri woman – want to see included in school curriculums regarding Aboriginal history, the answer is simple: the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. But, in modern Australia, there has been an undeniable tendency to shy away from telling the truth about Indigenous history.

Indigenous history and #blacklivesmatter

As a starting point, it is worth noting that some of the domestic debate tied to the #blacklivesmatter movement has centred on where, in educational terms, Indigenous Australian history fits into the wider Australian narrative. That’s part of the problem, because Australia’s history does not exist outside of Aboriginal history. In fact, there can’t be one without the other. Since 1770 they have been one and the same.

To ignore Aboriginal people and issues within Australian history is to tell an incomplete story. The stockman, the bushranger, the explorer, the ANZAC, the returned soldiers, the floods and bushfires, the overcoming of adversity … all of these identities and legacies involve Aboriginal people.

As expressed by Uncle Stan Grant senior, we do not live in two worlds, we live in the same world. Thus, there is no Aboriginal world and ‘white’ world and, therefore, no Australian history outside of Aboriginal history. We must tell our shared history – all of it, good and bad.

Indigenous history is important for every generation

Aboriginal history is not something that ceased in either 1770 or in 1788. In every stage and movement of our nation’s progress, Aboriginal people have been there and been actively involved, even if that was via their exclusion, such as at Federation.

What about the children? I have heard for almost as many years as I have lived that if we tell children about the Stolen Generations, about the murders, and stolen land, they will not be able to cope because it is too much for them to comprehend.

That has never been my experience of children. Children are open-minded, and not affected by the same degree of personal guilt as adults. They can see something wrong and call it, and tend to empathise when they see or hear of wrongdoing. We do our children a great disservice by hiding the truth from them.

The problem with hiding the bad bits of our history is that, in doing this, we also hide some of the good bits: the stories of great strength and resilience among Aboriginal people, and the stories of non-Aboriginal people who stood up and spoke out against what was happening, quite often at a great personal cost to themselves and their families.

Indigenous history – looking back to move forward

We offer a limited view of history. One which railroads any narrative that we have overcome a disastrous start to be a nation based on those values we like to claim: mateship and a fair-go for all.

In the words of Uncle Pat Connolly, you must look back, in order to move forward. And you need to know where you have been in order to know where you must go. If we do not know our past, we cannot address the legacies we have been left. We will keep fighting over things like the date of Australia Day, the role and commemoration of Captain Cook, why we can’t get the ‘Closing the Gap’ programs outcomes right, and so on.

As our children and our children’s children are the ones who will inherit the legacy of our shared history, we owe it to them to make sure they know the truth. To do otherwise is to open the door to ongoing ignorance. That’s a state which has resulted in damaging statements like those recently made by our Prime Minister that there is no history slavery in Australia.

In the words of a young man who I had the pleasure of knowing before he passed from cancer at the age of 15, ‘you can’t have the beauty of a rose without the pain of the thorns’. Australia’s history is like that. Without knowing the full story, we can never truly celebrate our successes.

Indigenous history – and student success

At Charles Sturt University, we offer dedicated support to Indigenous students to help them succeed at university, and create their future. And a qualification to help anyone integrate Indigenous history and culture into their professional life.